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Slovakia - Castles, Manor houses See all

Bojnice Castle

Bojnice castle is one of the most visited cultural monument in the Middle Europe and most important memorials in Slovakia. The typical silhouette of the romantic image of medieval castle is enhanced by steep roofs of the palace, chapel and towers. In addition, the visitor can visit a travertine cave under the castle, the Pálffy family tomb and the castle park with many rare foreign trees.
Bojnice Castle
Bojnice Castle
Slovakia, Trenčín region
City: Bojnice
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Bojnice Castle

Bojnice Castle belongs to the oldest and most important memorials in Slovakia. It stands on a travertine hill over the town. The first written record of the existence of the castle comes from 1113 in the writ of Zobor Abbey.It was originally a wooden castle developed from an older rampart. It was gradually built up from stone as the property of the Poznan family in the 13th century.

In interior of Bojnice castle is hidden a lot of exhibits, which collected especially last noble owner of Bojnice castle: count Ján František Pálfi. The Golden Hall is used to receipt important guests, for receptions or contemporary banquets of more chamber character. The huge room in Hunady Hall is convenient for castle balls, contemporary balls and wedding celebrations with dance and lively gaieties. The adjacent saloons serve for discourses and negotiations in confidential circles.

International Festival of Ghosts and Spooks in held here regularly by the end of April and beginning of May. It is when the Bojnický zámok Castle becomes the meeting point of ghosts, spooks, witches, and vampires from all over the world.

Bojnice castle
 

Attractions

Night tours

Romantic night tours through the Castle sometimes only in the light of a candle or a torch. In summer, July and August, they offer night tours usually every Friday and Saturday at 21.00 p. m.. During the year other terms for night tours possible on booking - at least 15 participants.

Festival of Ghosts and Spirit

The International Festival of Ghosts and Phantoms is related to the Night Tour with Phantoms. The programme is aimed to address both our own domestic visitors and foreign visitors within the framework of travel trade in the Upper-Nitra region. This event, put on yearly, is concentrated on those events and tales of the history of Bojnice Castle hiding historical surprises and fearful motives borrowed from well known legends and tales within the framework of a partly unboundly adapted literary scenario.

Bojnice castle
 

Bojnice Castle cave

A natural travertine cave of the diameter of 22 m and the height of 6 m that is to find 26 m under courtyard 4. The cave came into existence as a result of atmospheric precipitations of rainfalls that ran in here through the crater and external crashes into the middle of the travertine hill. The water disrupted the travertine and washed it away. It formed the present round room of the cave with adornment on its walls. There are two small lakes in the cave that probably connected with others in underground adjoining areas that this travertine hill is rich in.

Bojnice castle

History

It was originally a wooden castle developed from an older rampart. It was gradually built up from stone as the property of the Poznan family in the 13th century. At the end of the 13th century the Ugrian tycoon Matus Cak Trenciansky seized Bojnice and the castle belonged to him until 1321. After Matus Cak Trenciansky in the 14th and 15th centuries the Castle was owned by further aristocratic families in succession: the Gileths, Leustachs and Noffrys.

In 1489 King Matej Korvin gave Bojnice Castle along with its domain to his illegitimate son Jan Korvin. After the death of King Matej the castle was seized by the troops of Zapolsky who inhabited it up to 1526. In 1527 the castle was presented to Alexej Thurzo by King Ferdinand I. The castle was transformed by the Thurzos and rebuilt into a convenient Renaissance residence. The original Gothic Castle was given the character of a Renaissance castle with residential houses of the same height lined up around the inner courtyard.

When the Thurzo family died out (in the year of 1636) the castle reverted to the crown. A year later, in 1637 Bojnice domain was put to Pavol Palfi in pledge by the Emperor Ferdinand III for 200 000 gold. In 1643 the Palfies gained Bojnice castle as patrimony. Building rush dominated in Bojnice and the castle received Baroque semblance. The building activity quieted down at the end of the 17th century. Its semblance was not markedly changed during the 18th and 19th centuries.

After a long period of stagnation and recession the last aristocratic owner Count Jan Frantisek Palfi obtained Bojnice domain with the castle in 1852. Count Palfi decided to rebuild the castle into a romantic castle. He used French Gothic castles in the valley of the river Loire, the papal palace in Avignone, Gothic Tyrolean castles and the early Renaissance Italian architecture as patterns. This last Neo-Gothic rebuilding took up 22 years (1889 - 1910).

Bojnice castle
 

Museum

Count Palfi did not live to see its completion, he died in Vienna on 2 June 1908 as a bachelor. As he did not have any heirs of the body, soon after his death battles broke out between the relatives about the heritage. In 1939 the castle and the domain belonging to it were bought by the firm Bata. After the war its property fell to the state based on Benes decrees. Since 1950 a museum has definitely been installed that is part of the Slovak National Museum today.

Bojnice castle

Surrounding

Character park

The park around Bojnice Castle is planted as a natural-landscape park. Originally it should have been a romantic park with various attractions, e. g. ruins and so on. Similarly to other parks of the same character it did not end with a wall but it ends in alleys continuing to the adjacent area and the neighbouring houses. The first records about the gardeners of Bojnice Castle and the park around it remained are from 1910. These days there are several rare and interesting trees in the character park.

Bojnice castle
 

King Matej Lime Tree

The beautiful tree was held in respect not only by the inhabitants of Bojnice and the castle but even by enemies. The relentless time has gone by also over the lime tree and storms and winds have damaged its main parts. At the beginning of the 50s the workers of the Museum in Bojnice found the tree to deteriorate quickly. The first records of the treatment of the lime tree by the workers of the museum are from 1952. In 1969 the lime tree was declared to a protected natural artifact by the State Protection of Nature.

Ginco biloba

Ginco bilobed is an abcissous gymnospermous foliative tree coming probably from South-East China. In Mesozoic times it was to find on the whole northern hemisphere. Today there is only one representative of the Ginkgo family.
It was introduced to Europe in 1727. It is a medicinal plant that dilates the lumen of capillaries that results in better repletion of the brain, limbs, etc. The tree grows into the height of 30 - 40 m. Ginkgo is characterized by a high regeneration and the ability to renew the growth even only from thick branches. It is the only tree that was able to last out the atomic bombing in Nagasaki.

Bojnice castle

Useful information

Price list

Adults:   6,50 €    
Children [6-15]: 3,00 € Children [3-6]:  0,80 €

 

  • Open every day except of Monday. In June, July, August and September open every day.
  • Duration of the tour- 75 minutes.
  • Minimal number of visitors is 5 persons. In foreign language group is minimal number of visitors 10 persons.
  • Foreign language groups have to be ordered 2 days before.
  • Night tour - The group has to come in settled time. If you are late, the tour will be canceled.

 

Source: www.bojnicecastle.sk

Bojnice Castle

Bojnice - Prievidza
LAT: 48.7805460 = 48° 46' 49.9656"
LON: 18.5774190 = 18° 34' 38.7084"

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