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Demänovská Cave of Liberty
Slovakia, Žilina region
City: Demänovská Dolina
Demanovska Cave of Liberty
The cave represents morphologically the most varied part of the Demänovsky Cave System. It is formed in the Middle Triassic dark-gray Gutenstein limestones of the Krizna Nappe along the tectonic faults by the ancient ponor flow of Demanovka and its side hanging ponor tributaries. The length is 8,126 m with elevation distance of 120 m.
Lenght: 8126m Depth: 120m
The lower oval, river modeled passages of the cave represent four horizontal development levels (Marble Riverbed, Loamy Passage, Dry Passage, Ground Floor, Král’s Gallery). They are in places widened by collapses (Great and Spouting Dome, Pink Hall, Hell Dome). Steeply descending passages lead into cave levels in hanging positions, mostly from the place of present cave entrance and exit. Except for the smaller oval passages (Passage of Suffering, Virgin Passage, Bear’s Passage, Treasury) they include also bigger spaces (Sphere Dome, Parachute Abyss, Janosik’s Dome, Hviezdoslav’s Dome, Deep Dome).
The Miraculous Halls, Magical Passage and Stone Vineyard have a fissure character. From among the flowstone fills, the water lilies and other lacustrine forms (sponge, coral, grapes forms) and also eccentric stalactites are unique. Mighty flowstone waterfalls and columns, sphaerolitic stalactites and many other forms of stalactites and stalagmites are captivating. A thick layer of white soft sinter – moonmilk can be found in the Great Dome.
The underground water course of Demanovka, which springs in the non-karst territory under the main ridge of the Low Tatras, flows through the cave. It sinks underground in Lúčky and springs again through the Vyvieranie Cave northerly from the Demanovska Cave of Liberty. The Great Lake is 52 m long, 5 to 12 m wide and more than 7 m deep. Air temperature is from 6,1 to 7,0 °C, relative humidity 94 to 99 %.
The bones of cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) were found in the Bear’s Passage. The finding of the palpigrade Eukoenenia spelaea means one of the most northern occurrences of this arachnids in the world, which ranks the cave among the biospeleological localities of European importance. From among the tiny invertebrates, mostly the multipede Allorhiscosoma sphinx (endemite of the middle Slovakian caves) and amphipods Synurella intermedia a Niphargus tatrensis are important.
Traditional tour is 1,150 m long with vertical span of 86 m. There are 913 steps on the path. Exclusive (long) tour is 2,150 m long and the same elevation span and 1,118 steps. The length of traditional tour is 60 min, and of the exclusive tour 100 min. Average cave temperature ranges between 6,1 and 7°C.
The visit of the most interesting parts of the Demanovsky Cave System, opened to public since 5.5.1933. Unique flowstone forms, underground Demanovka River, karst pools and typical river modelled passages and ceiling channels. The upper levels are with rich dripstone decoration of the walls, fissures and ceilings. The stops are at the most interesting places with vocational commentary oriented to genesis and history of the cave with description of individual parts.
Except for the traditional one it contains: the Great Dome – the largest underground space in Slovak show caves with underground riverbed and moonmilk wall. The second part – Pink Hall and Král’s Gallery is morphologically the most varied part of this cave with unique cave water lilies and sponge shapes in lakes, cave pearls and many shapes of flowstone decoration all along the way.
Acces to cave
It is located on the right side of the Demanovska Valley and the northern side of the Low Tatras Mts., in the national nature reserve Demanovska Valley and in the territory of the Low Tatras National Park. Cave entrance is in the Tociste Valley at elevation of 870 m.
Access to cave
The cave is located 13 km southerly from the city of Liptovsky Mikulas, in the Low Tatras Mts., on the right side of the Demanovska Valley, several kilometers below the known skiing resort Jasna. A serpent path from the parking place to the cave is 400 m long with elevation span of 67m. The ascent to cave takes 10 - 15 min and serves as an educational trail at the same time.
Demänovská Valley is the most known and beautiful valley of the Low Tatras Mts. It is 15 km long and stands for the main centre of tourism on the northern side of the mountains. Geografically and geologically it consists of two different parts: the upper part adjacent to the main crest is made of granite forming a complex of smaller valleys and the lower part is cut in limestones with distinct vertical dissection.
The valley had been settled as early as the prehistoric times, which is evidenced by the findings in the Okno Cave. The valley was not settled for a long time during the history, only in 18th and 19th century people were mining ore, building shepherd’s huts and chalets or lumberjack’s houses. The interest in the valley rose by discovering the Demanovska Cave of Liberty in 1921 and soon after an asphalt road was constructed. An exceptional boom of attendance of the valley started after construction of the cableway from Jasna to Chopok (at present ending only in Lukova).
- Caves are closed on Mondays and January 1. and December 24.-26., regular admission is realized at minimum of 4 persons.
- The admissions can be realized according to the situation on decision of cave manager also between the times of regular ones.
- Extra admission can be enabled by the cave manager on request of visitors also between the times of regular admissions. The fluency of operation cannot be disturbed and an extra fee must be paid.
|Adults:||15,00 / 8,00 €||Seniors:||13,00 / 7,00 €|
|Children [6-15]:||7,50 / 4,00 €||Students:||13,00 / 7,00 €|
Demänovská Cave of Liberty
LON: 19.5851470 = 19° 35' 6.5292"