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Demänovská Ice Cave

The Demanovska Ice cave entrance is located in the cliff Basta on the northern side of the Low Tatras Mts., only two kilometers northerly from the Demanovska Cave of Liberty. It stands out by occurrence of permanent ice fill, bizarre and mighty shapes of underground spaces, rare cave fauna as well as rich history. Instructive path, which also leads to the cave, provides additional information about this natural phenomenon.
National nature monument, Low Tatra
Demänovská Ice Cave
Demänovská Ice Cave
Slovakia, Žilina region
City: Demänovská Dolina
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Demanovska Ice Cave

The length of measured spaces is 1,975 m with vertical distance of 57 m. The cave spaces of three developmental levels consist of oval, river modelled passages with ceiling and side channels (Black Gallery, Lake Pasage, Bear’s Passage) and domes reshaped by collapses and frost weathering (Gravel Dome, Great Dome, Kmeť’s Dome, Bel’s Dome, Halaš’ Dome, Dome of Ruins). The passages descend from the entrance to the depth of 40 to 50 m.

Lenght: 1975m     Depth: 57m

Ice fill occurs in the lower parts of the cave, mainly in the Kmeť’s Dome. There is floor ice, ice columns, stalactites and stalagmites. The conditions for glaciation started after burying several openings to the surface in consequence of slope modeling processes, by which the air replacement was restricted. Heavier cold air is kept in the lower parts of the cave. Seeping precipitation water freezes in overcooled underground spaces. Air temperature in glaciated parts fluctuates around 0 °C and in direction to the back non-glaciated parts rises from 1.3 up to 5.7 °C. Relative air humidity is between 92 and 98 %.

Demanovska Icecave


Original flowstone fill was preserved in several places of the cave (stalactites, stalagmites, sinter covers on the walls, floor crusts and other forms), which is, however, considerably destroyed by frost weathering in the glaciated part of the cave. Sinter formations are coloured on the surface into gray up to black from soot of tar torches, oil burners and paraffin lamps, which were used for lighting until 1924. This phenomenon, in the case of the Demänovská Ice Cave, can be considered more or less a cultural one, connected with its rich history.

The cave belongs among long known finding places of bones of various vertebrates including the cave bear (Ursus spelaeus), which were in the first half of the 18th century considered dragons’ bones. That’s why the cave was called Dragon’s Cave in the past. By now, eight bat species were found in its underground spaces.

Cave tour

The show path is 650 m long with vertical span of 48 m. The entrance and exit are at the same elevation, only 40 m away one from the other. The stay in cave lasts about 45 min.

The temperature during summer months fluctuates between +0,4°C and +3°C. The show path goes through mighty river passages interconnected by steep sections. The first part of the tour leads through cave spaces with flowstone decoration and the second part is in the iced spaces of the cave.

The combination of flowstone and ice decoration offers a very interesting tour for visitors, where they can learn on forming cave spaces, cave decoration and conditions for glaciation and also on the influence of ice on original calcite fill. The cave spaces consist of oval, river modelled passages and domes reshaped by collapses and frost weathering.

Demanovska Icecave

Acces to cave

It is located on the right side of the Demänovská Valley and the northern side of the Low Tatras Mts., in the national nature reserve Demänovská Valley and in the territory of the Low Tatras National Park. The entrance is in the cliff Bašta at elevation of 840 m, about 90 m above the valley bottom.

Access to cave

The cave is located 10 km southerly from the city of Liptovský Mikuláš, in the Low Tatras Mts., on the right side of the Demänovská Valley, several kilometers below the known skiing resort Jasna. The entrance building is visible from the parking place some 90 m above the bottom of the valley. A serpent path leads upwards, past the Kamenná chata restaurant by a forest road (600 m) with boards of the educational trail with two resting places. The ascent to cave takes approximately 20 min.

Car access to cave
- From Liptovský Mikuláš direction Jasná – 10 km.

Demanovska Icecave


Region

Demänovska Valley

Demänovská Valley is the most known and beautiful valley of the Low Tatras Mts. It is 15 km long and it the main centre of tourism on the northern side of the mountains. Geografically and geologically it consists of two different parts: the upper part adjacent to the main crest is made of granite forming a complex of smaller valleys and the lower part is cut in limestones with distinct vertical dissection.

Useful information

  • Caves are closed on Mondays and January 1. and December 24.-26., regular admission is realized at minimum of 4 persons.
  • The admissions can be realized according to the situation on decision of cave manager also between the times of regular ones.
  • Extra admission can be enabled by the cave manager on request of visitors also between the times of regular admissions. The fluency of operation cannot be disturbed and an extra fee must be paid.


​Pricelist

Adults: 7,00 € Seniors: 6,00 €
Children [6-15]: 3,50 € Students: 6,00 €


Source: www.ssj.sk

Demänovská Ice Cave

Demänovská Dolina - Liptovský Mikuláš
LAT: 49.0162430 = 49° 0' 58.4748"
LON: 19.5827870 = 19° 34' 58.0332"

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