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Dobšinská Ice Cave

Ice fill occurs here in various forms and ice thickness reaches in some places 25 meters. As compared with known high-mountain ice caves Eisriesenwelt and Dachstein-Rieseneishöhle in Austrian Alps or with the Romanian Scărişoara Cave in Bihor Mts., which has the glaciated part at elevations of 1,100 to 1,120 m n. m., the monumental glaciation of the Dobšinská Ice Cave persist for thousands of years at elevations only 920 to 950 m.
National nature monument, World Heritage Caves, Slovak paradise
Dobšinská Ice Cave
Dobšinská Ice Cave
World Natural Heritage
Slovakia, Košice region
City: Stratená
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Dobšinská Ice Cave

Dobšinská Ice Cave is a part of the Stratená Cave System. It is formed in the Middle Triassic pale Steinalm and Wetterstein limestones of the Stratená Nappe, along the tectonic faults and interbed surfaces. The cave reaches the length of 1,483 m and vertical span of 112 m. The visitors descend only several tens meters underground and find themselves in an ice kingdom of cold and perfect products of the mother Nature.

Lenght: 1483m     Depth: 112m

Conditions for glaciation arose probably in the middle Quaternary period after the breakdown of ceilings between the Dobšinská Ice Cave and Stratenská Cave, by which the cave obtained sack-like character with stagnation of cold air that penetrated into the cave through the upper opening formed by collapse of the ceiling part (present entrance to cave). Freezing the percolating rainfall waters caused glaciation of the underground space. The beginnings of ice formation go back to the Riss ice age (approx. 300- to 140-thousand years ago), or until the end of the Mindel ice age.

Ice fill occurs in the form of floor ice, icefalls, ice stalagmites and columns. Glaciated surface has 9,772 m2, ice volume reaches 110,100 m3. The highest thickness of ice is in the Great Hall with 26,5 m. The floor ice is characterized by its stratification. The decrease of ice takes place by melting on the contact with the bedrock.

Continuous replacement of the underground glacier supposedly takes around 1,700 up to 2,000 years. The ice is slowly moving from the entrance, Small and Great Hall towards the Ground Floor and Ruffiny’s Corridor (2 to 4 cm a year). The Dobšinská Ice Cave belongs among the most significant ice caves in the world, which is accentuated by its location outside the Alps high-mountain region (underground ice is at elevation of 920 to 950 m n. m.).

Dobsinska Ice Cave


Average annual temperature of air in the glaciated Great Hall reaches –0,4 to –1,0 °C (in February –2,7 to –3,9 °C, in August around +0,2 °C). The temperature in the bottom parts of the cave remains under the freezing point all the year round. Relative air humidity in non-glaciated parts is mostly 75 to 90 %, sometimes over 90 %. Air temperature in the non-glaciated parts of the cave fluctuates between +0.8 and +3.5 °C, relative humidity between 85 and 98 %. The cave is of static-dynamic character and different winter and summer regime of air flow circulation. In winter the cold air flows underground and in summer vice versa.

Cave tour

The entrance to the cave is on the northern slope of the Duča Hill at elevation of 969,5 m, cave length is 1,483 m. Duration of visit: 515 m. Cave spaces go down from the beginning, which togheter with northern orientation enables the descent of cold air and overall cooling of the cave.

The cave has several magnificent parts – Great and Small Halls, Ruffiny’s Corridor and Collapsed Dome. The parts without ice have names Dripstone and White Hall, Dry Dome, Dripstone Cellar and Hell. Air temperature in the Great Hall is from -3,8 to + 0,5 C.

How to prepare for the tour
Vertical distance and temperature differences between outside and inside environment can cause a specific load on organism. It is necessary to take a rest before entering the cave for easier acclimatization. Warmer clothes and firm boots are recommended.

Dobsinska Ice Cave

Acces to cave

You can get to cave from the Dobšinská ľadová jaskyňa settlement in the Slovak Paradise between Poprad and Rožňava. There are educational boards along the access tour to the cave, which is about 1 km long. It is necessary to overcome 130 m of vertical distance between parking place and cave entrance. The ascent lasts 25 min.

Car access to cave
- From Poprad through Vernár direction Rožňava – 30 km,
- From Brezno through Červená Skala, Telgart direction Rožňava – 60 km,
- From Rožňava through Dobšiná direction Poprad – 40 km.

Dobsinska Icecave


Region

Slovak Paradise

Slovak Paradise National Park is located in the eastern part of Slovakia. The territory was declared to the national park in 1988. The area is 19,763 ha with protection zone of 13,011 ha. Originally the territory was a large unit, later cut up by rivers and brooks to several larger and smaller plateaux. Through millenia the smaller streams formed ravines with waterfalls - Kyseľ, Piecky, Sokolia dolina, Zejmarská roklina, so characteristic for the Slovak Paradise.

Useful information

  • Caves are closed on Mondays and January 1. and December 24.-26., regular admission is realized at minimum of 4 persons.
  • The admissions can be realized according to the situation on decision of cave manager also between the times of regular ones.
  • Extra admission can be enabled by the cave manager on request of visitors also between the times of regular admissions. The fluency of operation cannot be disturbed and an extra fee must be paid.


​Pricelist

Adults: 7,00 € Seniors: 6,00 €
Children [6-15]: 3,50 € Students: 6,00 €

 

Source: www.ssj.sk

Dobšinská Ice Cave

Stratená - Rožňava
LAT: 48.8683330 = 48° 52' 5.9988"
LON: 20.3044440 = 20° 18' 15.9984"

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